Observations on the relationship between the size of maxillary sinus detected on panoramic radiography and dental pathology

Authors:      Grigorescu C Catalin1, Stanciu Dan2, Stanciu Radu2, Temelcea Anca2
Affiliations: 1) „Titu Maiorescu” Univesity, Faculty of Medicine and Pharmacy Bucharest
                   2) „Carol Davila” University of Medicine and Pharmacy Bucharest

The pathology of the teeth sinus (which by their apexes established direct neighborhood reports with maxillary sinus) is a sensitive subject of modern dentistry. The implications of these neighborhood reports, it rests in establishing a treatment plan aimed at various fields of dentistry. If we were to detail, reports of the teeth sinus with maxillary sinus floor limit insertion of dental implants, for example, conditioning this therapeutic maneuver with combination or not with sinus elevation (process known as sinus lifting). In orthodontics, on the other hand, the presence of the maxillary sinus that is inserted through the roots of the teeth in lateral displacement limit the scope of the medial-distal and/or in the vertical plane of these teeth in the remaining size of the alveolar bone, which allows the processes of absorption and bone in growth. Finally, sinus tooth apical processes, acute or chronic, often have echo in sinus pathology, which requires the patient to early orientation ENT service. Given all these considerations, an accurate determination of the size of the maxillary sinus panoramic radiography submit undeniable benefits in terms of establishing a treatment plan, limiting the maximum uncertainties related reports sinus tooth neighborhood.

full text

The immunosuppressive impact of PRRS virus on the immune response following anti-erysipelas vaccination in swine from various farms

Authors: Viorica Chiurciu, Costin Stoica, Maria M. Radu, Catalin Tudoran, Lucia Diaconu, Ion Iacob
Affiliation: Romvac Company SA, Voluntari, Romania

PRRS virus, the etiologic agent of Porcine Reproductive and Respiratory Syndrome by immunosuppressive action can significantly affect the immune response after vaccination. It was intended the following of the immunological reaction induced by the Erysipelothrix rhusopathiae vaccination from pigs from intensive system and from households. The biological material studied was provided from clinically healthy pigs of different ages. The animals were from four different locations. Serological examinations were performed by blood sampling [gathered from the confluence of jugular vein] before and after the vaccination. The investigations were performed by ELISA method. In the industrial breeding system, seroprevalence of anti PRRS presented high levels, in contrast to the low level of postvaccinal E. rhusopathiae antibodies. In households the incidence of PRRS virus was low and the seroconversion after the vaccination was raised. The morphopathological and bacteriological examinations performed from the lesions in various organs [lungs, lymph nodes, liver, spleen and intestine] has revealed the presence of germ association, pathogenic or potentially pathogenic. The results point the link between the existence of PRRS virus in the swine populations and post-vaccinal response, its presence interfering significantly with the vaccination protocols efficacy.

full text

Pollutants impact bioassay from waters and soils in Banat region

Authors:      Crina Laura Mosneang1, Alexandra Gruia2, Valentin L. Ordodi2, Alexandru Baloi1                                 Romeo Teodor Cristina1                                                                                                                           Affiliations: 1) Faculty of Veterinary Medicine Timisoara                                                                                                    2) “Victor Babes” University of Medicine and Pharmacy, Timisoara County, Imunophysiology Center

Analyzes of water and soil samples by chemical methods identified the quantities of chlorides, nitrates and phosphates by comparison with the maximum limits of law. Acute toxicity tests on zebra fish embryos is an alternative test of water samples around swine farms in Banat region, because embryos are not subject to animal protection legislation during experiments. The use of Eisenia fetida earthworms as pollution indicators allowed assessment of avoidance behavior of potentially polluting soils collected from different distances from farms.

full text

The efficacy of the product Albendazole 10% of gastrointestinal nematode parasitism in sheep

Authors:     Florin Stefan Hora, Mederle Narcisa, Badea Corina, Marius Ilie, Gheorghe Darabus
Affiliation:  Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Department of Parasitology, Timisoara, Romania

Trichostrongylids are helminths of ruminants, located gastro intestinally. The disease generated by them is clinically manifested mainly by: diarrhea, weight loss, anemia and cachexia. They are produced by parasites belonging to the family Trichostrongylidae with genres: Ostertagia, Haemonchus, Trichostrongylus, Cooperia and Nematodirus. The study was accomplished in 2013 in Hidiseul de Sus village, Bihor County, and aimed to test the effectiveness of the Albendazole 10% in the natural infestations with gastrointestinal nematodes in sheep. Sheep studied consisted of 60 individuals from Turcana breed. Feces were examined by flotation method and to know the infestation level McMaster method was used, calculating the EPG value on day 0 of treatment, day 7 and day 14 post treatments. Anthelmintic efficacy (E%) of the used product was of 97.03% after the FECRT formula. For a more meaningful expression it was used also Presidente and Borgsteede relations, where the result of efficiency for the tested product was 98% for both formulas.

full text

Considerations on bone growth and development processes at the dento-maxillary level

Authors:      Grigorescu C. Catalin1, Stanciu Dan2, Stanciu Radu2, Temelcea Anca2                         Affiliations: 1) „Titu Maiorescu” University, Faculty of Medicine and Pharmacy Bucharest
                   2) „Carol Davila” University, Faculty of Medicine and Pharmacy Bucharest

Facial development is the result of growth and skeletal modeling for every component skeletal and /or/ functional, both together or in part, of his power and the proliferation of multiple influences which shall be exercised on them. Taking into account the myriad factors affecting facial development can be explained the large variety of individuals, and also, the large amount of dento-maxillary anomalies. Essential aspects in this topic are presented schematically in this mini-review.

full text

The thyroid and the thyroid hormones

Authors:    Andreea Pap, Crina Mosneang, Romeo T. Cristina
Affiliation: Faculty of Veterinary Medicine Timisoara

The thyroid gland is located in the cervical fascia were it is divided in two lateral lobes, right and left, disposed on both sides of the trachea, and unlike other vertebrates, the cat does not have an isthmus that connects the two lobes. The main products of secretion of the thyroid gland are represented by thyroxine [T4] and 3,5,3 ‘triiodothyronine [T3]. To these are added other hormones resulted from the deiodination of the principle hormones. This process is catalized by the D1, D2 and D3 deiodinase resulting 3,3,5′ triiodothyronine [rT3], 3,5-T2, 3,3’-T2 or 3’,5’-T2 which by further deiodination will form 3-3’- T1 and T1. To reach this deiodination must be followed certain steps in the hormon synthesis transport path, and it is important the present of the carrier protein. Once inside the tissue, the concentration of each hormone will vary depending on the binding site and the metabolic processes that will be followed.

full text

Staphylococcus genus – Small practical guide

Authors:    Vili Robert Voichitoiu, Viorel Herman, Degi Janos
Affiliation: Faculty of Veterinary Medicine Timisoara

In this review destined for education of specialists in the field is presented a bacterial genus important for human and animal health. The authors try to present, in two chapters and in a didactically way, all about Staphylococcus genus, like: taxonomy, morphology, and structure, coloration, culture and cultural characteristics, biochemical properties and antigenic structure, genetics and the antibiotic resistance, ecology and environmental factors, pathogenicity [extracellular enzymes and staphylococcal toxins]. The second chapter is dedicated to the description of natural infections with staphylococci and their implications in humans and animals [large and small ruminants, pigs, equines, rabbits, dogs, cats and birds], the last part of the chapter being devoted to the Staphylococcal food toxicity description.

full text

Our Association repport for 2014

Author: Valer Teusdea                                                                                                                             Affiliation: Romanian National Association of Veterinary Products Manufacturers (RNAVPM) 

The repport for period 01.01-30.10. 2014 of our Association is presented.

full text