Parasite found in parakeets – Study on 167 birds

Authors:   Vili-Robert Voichitoiu,Viorel Herman, Narcisa Mederle
Affiliation: Faculty of Veterinary Medicine Timisoara

The budgerigar (Melopsittacus undulatus) is a small, long-tailed, seed-eating parrot. Parakeets are the only species in the Australian genus Melopsittacus, and are found wild throughout the drier parts of Australia where this species has survived harsh inland conditions for the last five million years. The researches were conducted in two counties, Timis and Mehedinti throughout nine months, including 167 birds which were parasitologicaly controlled. The results that were analyzed to Faculty of Veterinary Medicine from Timisoara revealed: 18.56 % (31 birds) for Eimeria spp., next were the feathers lice, 16.16% (27 birds), scaly leg mites 8.38% (14 birds) and at the fine ascaridiasis (1%).

full text

Flap surgery in a green iguana (Iguana iguana) with a non-healing palmar wound – a case presentation

Authors:      Rudolf Kocsis1,2, Francisc P. Nagy2, Romeo T. Cristina1                                                         Affiliations: 1) Faculty of Veterinary Faculty, Pharmacology and Pharmacy Depts., Timisoara, Romania
                   2) Veterinary Praxis “Dr. Nagy”, Bärenbronn, Wüstenrot, Baden Württenberg, Germany

In this clinical tutorial report for young vets, there is presented the clinical efficiency of a common surgery technique in a non-healing decubitus inflammatory crusted and pyogenic wound to a nine years male green iguana (Iguana iguana). The wound appeared two months before the reptile was presented to control and the bacteriologic culture made revealed a massive bacterial association where Enterococcus faecalis and Staphylococcus epidermidis were dominant. Consequently, the antibiogram was accomplished, the results indicating resistance to penicillin and chloramphenicol and respectively, efficacy to gentamicin, erythromycin and tetracycline. The initial treatment with gentamicin 5%, as topic application was started, but though the massive tissue destruction, the surgical way was chosen. Under anaesthesia, the area was scratched and the wound was debrided with scalpel until the bleeding occurred and skin was primarily closed with a surgical skin stapler, but this technique proven to be totally unsuited to green iguana, because of the skin’s tension developed consequently the intervention. Following, the “twisted flap” surgical technique was accomplished, we considering this way as a choice one in iguana’s case, and skin was sutured with no absorbable 2/0 nylon. After the local and general antibiotic treatment with enrofloxacin, animal was fully recovered, the suture points being removed after five weeks.

full text

Parasite found in parakeets – Study on 167 birds

Authors:    Vili-Robert Voichitoiu,Viorel Herman, Narcisa Mederle
Affiliation: Faculty of Veterinary Medicine Timisoara

The budgerigar (Melopsittacus undulatus) is a small, long-tailed, seed-eating parrot. Parakeets are the only species in the Australian genus Melopsittacus, and are found wild throughout the drier parts of Australia where this species has survived harsh inland conditions for the last five million years. The researches were conducted in two counties, Timis and Mehedinti throughout nine months, including 167 birds which were parasitologicaly controlled. The results that were analyzed to Faculty of Veterinary Medicine from Timisoara revealed: 18.56 % (31 birds) for Eimeria spp., next were the feathers lice, 16.16% (27 birds), scaly leg mites 8,38% (14 birds) and at the fine ascaridiasis (1%).

full text

The economic implications of the enteric disease complex and its control by the utilization of pleuromutillins in swine

Authors: Veturia-Ileana Nueleanu, M.Boc, Anca Mãrculescu, M.Cernea                                                     Affiliation: USAMV Cluj-Napoca, Facultatea de Medicinã Veterinarã

The enteric disease complex may have a great economic impact by decreasing the growth of the animals, the conversion-rate of the fodder and, implicitly, the quality of carcass. That results in low production values, in correlation with low costs of production and decreased profitability. A therapeutic protocol was established, being administered tiamulin in the period of maximum incidence of the disease – 5 days before and after weaning in pig youth, and the same period of time for the fatten pigs. The average meat production increased with 37.04% in youth pigs and 29.23% in fat pigs, in comparison with the period before the therapy. The profit that was achieved in youth pigs was 95%, in comparison with the investment (the medication) that was 5%. The value of the investment was 27% in fat pigs, in comparison with the materialized profit of 73%. The ratio between the total investment values (tiamulin medication) and the benefit obtained in post therapeutic period was 1:3.76, for the enteric disease complex in swine.

full text (in Romanian)

Effectiveness testing of some vegetal extracts comparing with classical anthelmintics

Authors: Ilie M.S.1, Dărabus Gh.1, Oprescu I1, Morariu S1, Narcisa Mederle1, Alina lie1, Imre K1, F. Morariu2

Affiliation: 1 Facultatea de Medicină Veterinară Timisoara,                                                                                              2 Facultatea de Zootehnie si Biotehnologii Timisoara

We have tested the efficacy of some vegetal extracts (Parazitol – Medica Laboratories, a natural product with an anthelmintic effect and a Cucurbita sp. oil extract) compared to the classic anthelmintics (Rombendazol – Romvac and Dehelman – KRKA Slovenia) at domestic poultry, whose parasitical status had been previously established through animal killing and necropsies. Parazitol and the pumpkin oil have had a lower efficacy than the levamisole and albendazole upon the species Ascaridia galli. Heterakis gallinarum was not affected by the pumpkin oil. Parazitol have a moderate efficacy (36%), while levamisole and albendazole were very efficient (100%). The treatments with albendazole upon the cestods belonging to the genus Raillietina have had a 100% efficacy. In cestods, Parazitol had a better efficacy (57%) than the pumpkin oil (14%).

full text (in Romanian)

Cryptosporidiosys and its implications in public health

Author: Imre Kálmán                                                                                                                    Affiliation: USAMVB Timisoara, Facultatea de Medicina Veterinara

Cryptosporidiosys is considered by some authors as among the first three-four most important entheropathogens in humans. Humans can be contaminated true infected food or water, by inobservance of minimal hygiene conditions and by contact with infected animals. The prevention of the disease can be made through general ways, known by the majority of the population as minimal hygiene and sanitary conditions.

full text (in Romanian)

Cadmium’s presence in ecosystems

Author: Ioan Măcinic                                                                                                                               Affiliation: USAMVB Timisoara, Facultatea de Medicina Veterinara

Paper brings valuable information about cadmium’s kinetics in nature. There are presented the main natural and antropic cadmium sources, the way of air, soil and water’s contamining, and also the influence on health status of humans and animal subjects.

full text (in Romanian)

Nitrates si nitrites intoxications’ management

Author: Alexandra Trif
USAMVB Timisoara, Facultatea de Medicină Veterinară

The study pointed out the major sources for clinical and subclinical intoxications with nitrates/nitrites (drinking water and nitrates containing fertilizers), circumstances that determine fertilizers to became sources of intoxication (excessive fertilization/consecutive high level of nitrates in fodders, free access of animals to the fertilizers, administration into the diet instead of natrium chloride), factors that determine high nitrates accumulation in fodders despite optimal fertilization (factors related to the plants, soil, clime, harvest methods, storage, agrotechnical measures), nitrates /nitrites toxicity (over 45 ppm nitrates in drinking water, over 0.5 g nitrate/100 g D.M fodder/diet), the factors that influence nitrates/nitrites toxicity ( species, age, rate of feeding, diet balance especially energetically), pathological effects and symptoms (irritation and congestions on digestive tract, resulting diarrhoea, transformation of hemoglobin into methemoglobin determining severe respiratory insufficiency, vascular collapse, low blood pressure in the acute nitrates intoxication; hypotiroidism, hypovitaminosis A, reproductive disturbances(abortion, low rate of fertility, dead born offspring), diarrhoea and/or respiratory insufficiency in new born-e.g. calves), immunosuppression, decrease of milk production in chronic intoxication. There were presented some suggestions concerning management practices to limit nitrate intoxication (analyze of nitrates/nitrites in water and fodders, good management of the situation of risk ,e .g. dilution of the diet with low nitrate content fodders, feeding with balanced diet in energy, protein, minerals and vitamins, accommodation to high nitrate level diet, avoid grazing one week after a frost period, avoid feeding chop green fodders stored a couple of days, monitoring of health status of animals fed with fodders containing nitrates at risk level, a .o.).

full text (in Romanian)

Metaflumizone – a new ectoparasiticide for dogs and cats

Authors: Lidia Chitimia, I. Cosoroabă
Affiliation: USAMVB Timisoara, Facultatea de Medicină Veterinară

Metaflumizone, carbanilohydrazide, was discovered by Nihon Nohyaku in the early 1990’s and belongs to the new class of semicarbazone insecticides. Metaflumizone is derived from the pyrazoline chemistry and acts by the voltage-dependent sodium channels in insects binding. Metaflumizone produces a relaxed paralysis in a broad range of important pest insects. It has a potent activity against fleas and formulated in association with amitraz provide high control of fleas, ticks and mites on dogs. It is marketed as ProMeris® for ectoparasiticide use in cats or ProMeris/ProMeris Duo® for dogs. Applications of metaflumizone – spot-on – provided at least 6-8 weeks control of fleas and metaflumizone plus amitraz combination provided at least 3-6 weeks of ticks. Topical applications reduced the pruritic behaviour and clinical signs associated with Flea Allergic Dermatitis in cats and
dogs.

full text (in Romanian)

Toxicity testing of the veterinary use drugs

Authors: Solcan Gh., Beschea Chiriac I. S.                                                                                   Affiliation: USAMV Iasi, Facultatea de Medicină Veterinară

Before the authorization for comercialization both medical and phyto-sanitary products must be tested for inocuity and toxicity, the risk assesment for persons working in drug industry, pharmacy, human beings and animals treated with the product and for the consummers of food products with drug residues being studied. The experimental studies of toxicity, after Milhaud et al., (1994), are classified in 7 groups: acute toxicity study; study of local irritant and allergic potential; study of mutagenic effect; subacute toxicity study; chronic toxicity and carcinogenic potential; study of embriotoxicity and adverse effect on reproduction; study of ecotoxicity.

full text (in Romanian)