Short guide of cardio-vascular medication in animals

Author: Romeo T. Cristina                                                                                                           Affiliation: USAMVB Timisoara Facultatea de Medicină Veterinară

The medication of heart and blood in animals rise many problems in the current veterinary practice, on the one hand because of lack or very few of functional investigation means and of absence of specific training in this field and on the other hand because of lack of knowledge in what means fine medication in heart and blood disease in animal, many of the drugs being from the human medicine. In this respect we consider that this topic can be a new study direction in the curricula of veterinary universities. In the synthesis is concisely presented, on the vet’s comprehension the main aspects referring to: physiologic bases of heart therapy, the correlation between receptors, secondary messengers and drugs’ action, cardiac failure, cardiovascular medication, contractibility modifiers (cardiotonic medication), Rhythm modifiers, vasodilators etc.

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Ground principles of animal’s blood medication

Author: Romeo T. Cristina                                                                                                           Affiliation: USAMVB Timișoara, Facultatea de Medicina Veterinara

In the paper ground principles of blood medication in animals are enumerated. There are presented animal’s blood type groups (antigens and iso anticorps in dog and cat), auto transfusion in animals, blood substituents (free haemoglobins, fluorocarbons), anaemias’ therapy (erithro and granulopoetins, blood’s therapy specific steroids and vitamins, iron and his derivatives, cobalt), haemostasys and haemostatics and ant coagulation substances.

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Resistance to antibiotics

Authors: Anca Mãrculescu, M. Cernea, Veturia Nueleanu, N.A. Oros, R. Chereji                                 Affiliation:  USAMVB Cluj-Napoca, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine

The antibiotics represent the most important therapeutic arsenal in the fight against pathogen microorganisms. Even in the beginning of their use, there was registered bacterial resistance, phenomenon that became an alarming subject in the last decades. There are some types of resistance to antibiotics that are influenced by many factors. The resistance term can be used as microbiological resistance and clinical resistance. The resistance to antibiotics can be a natural phenomenon or a gained one. The mechanisms of gaining resistance in bacteria are genetic or biochemical. Because of the fact that this is an increasing phenomena, data about antibiotic resistance is a permanent necessity in any part of the world.

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The impact of anesthesia upon the main functions of the animal organism

Authors: Năstasă V., Mariana Grecu                                                                                                   Affiliation: USAMVB Iasi, Facultatea de Medicină Veterinară

The general anesthetics produce the reversible loss of consciousness and sensitivity and influence the vital functions of the organism. More than a century ago, the anesthetic was considered to be a poison which intoxicates the nervous system. Recently, it has been proved that the anesthetic substance invades all tissues. Despite these drawbacks, they are widely used in the experimental researches “in vivo”, but their use may considerably change the result of the physiological or pharmacological effects of these substances; the pharmacological details are few. The aim of this communication is to provide information referring to the interactions between general anesthetics and other pharmacological agents, limiting at the substances currently used in the experimental research.

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