An alternative approach to cat’s epilepsy treatment – Case report

Authors: Liliana Cărpinișan1, Laura Rațiu2, J. Degi1, Alina Ghișe1                                                       Affiliations: 1) Faculty of Veterinary Medicine Timișoara                                                                                                    2) “Bassy Veterinary Clinics” Timișoara

Angel, a female British Shorthair cat, would be euthanized at the recommendation of three veterinarians, after she manifested epileptic seizures starting from seven months old. Due to her owner and one veterinarian love and effort, she well passed through many seizures and a non-regenerative anemia episode and she survived for five years from the onset of the disease. The mineral-vitamin supplements improved the life quality for four years and the homeopathic therapy successfully removed the seizures for one more year.

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Therapeutic and lesional aspects of feline infectious peritonitis

Author: Adrian C. Stancu
Affiliation: Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Timișoara

The prevalence of feline infectious peritonitis (FIP) can not be assessed on the basis of serological surveys because positive serological reagents rate does not correlate with disease rates. In units with more cats and numerous movements (input – output), the proportion of positive serological reagents is very high, and could reach, in some countries or regions at 50-75-100%, while among cats scattered near homes reactants rate positive to VPIF is well below 50%. Research conducted aimed at treating and determining evolutionary form of FIP based on pathological lesions in cats dead.

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Guide of principles in main dog and cat skin’s affections topical aplications

Authors: Flavius Faltinski, Romeo T. Cristina, Eugenia Dumitrescu                                                         Affiliation: USAMVB Timișoara, Facultatea de Medicina Veterinara

The report is an attempt to remember of the updated general principles in the main dermatologic affects topical applications in in dog and cat. Initially are presented: general principles about drug topic formulation application, with the describing of skin’s anatomical bases and functions, active substance’s physic-chemical proprieties, factors that affects transdermal passage, methods of transdermal amplification. Also are presented: characteristics of dog and cat’s skin, skin’s specific vascularisation, ecology and histochemy. In the last chapter are presented the main known dermatologic entities in dog and cat.

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Diabetes mellitus in dogs and cats: diagnosis and therapy

Authors: Mot T., Cristina Petruse, Morar D., Simiz F., Ciulan V.                                                             Affiliation: USAMVB Timisoara, Facultatea de Medicina Veterinara

Diabetes mellitus (DM) is a disease of humans and animals, which causes increased levels of blood sugar (glucose). Normally,glucose is brought into the cells by a hormone – insulin.The cells then metabolize glucose to make energy used for all functions of the body. Animals suffering from DM either lack insulin, or the cells cannot use the insulin that is there. As a result, blood glucose levels increase, and the cells have to use other substances for energy. When blood glucose levels become too high, glucose is found in the urine, causing increased frequency of urination and increased drinking. When blood glucose remains elevated over a period of time, other metabolic changes can occur, such as weight loss, acidosis, seizures, coma, blindness, cataracts, and nerve damage. Animals that are eating normally and not showing signs of illness may only require a blood or urine test to diagnose DM. Concurrent diseases (such as infection, Cushing’s disease, hyperthyroidism, pancreatitis, gastroenteritis, inflammatory bowel disease, hepatic lipidosis, or kidney disease) make diabetes more difficult to diagnose and manage. A complete blood screen and other specific tests may be recommended to obtain the diagnosis and baseline values for treatment and future monitoring. The treatment for diabetes in dogs is similar to the treatment for diabetes in humans, through diet and insulin therapy. Dogs and cats with DM
are usually treated with insulin. Insulin is a protein and, as such, not suitable for oral administration. Thus, it is administered once or several times daily by the subcutaneous route. Adjustment of the blood glucose concentration demands long hospital care, and subsequently the owner constantly has to keep a strict schedule
at home. In veterinary practice the main groups of oral antidiabetic (used in human medicine either) are: carbohydrate absorption inhibitors (e.g. acarbose); insulin sensitisers (biguanides such as metformin, thiazolidinedions, peroxisome proliferator-activated gamma receptor agonists).

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Cat’s external otitis – diagnose and treatment

Author: Janos Degi                                                                                                                       Affiliation: USAMB Timisoara, Facultatea de Medicină Veterinară

Otitis externa is a frequent finding in cats, with a prevalence rate of 2-10 % of all feline patients seen in general practice. Otodectes cyanotis, the ear mite, is responsible for approximately 50% of all feline otitis externa cases. However, other infectious and inflammatory conditions frequently either cause or predispose the cat to ear disease. In 20-30 % of chronic feline ear cases the initiating cause remains unknown.

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