Ground principles of animal’s blood medication

Author: Romeo T. Cristina                                                                                                           Affiliation: USAMVB Timișoara, Facultatea de Medicina Veterinara

In the paper ground principles of blood medication in animals are enumerated. There are presented animal’s blood type groups (antigens and iso anticorps in dog and cat), auto transfusion in animals, blood substituents (free haemoglobins, fluorocarbons), anaemias’ therapy (erithro and granulopoetins, blood’s therapy specific steroids and vitamins, iron and his derivatives, cobalt), haemostasys and haemostatics and ant coagulation substances.

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Molecular action mechanisms of the immunomodulators

Author: Cristian Belteghi                                                                                                               Affiliation: S.N. Institutul Pasteur S.A. Bucuresti

The special attention paid, during the last period, to researches on immunomodulators and on the possibilities of the immune response unspecific manipulation represent an answer to the more and more stringent needs of finding out complementary and/or alternative solutions to the classic therapeutic methods. With this work, we intended to present synthetically the progress recorded in the field of molecular mechanisms that represent the base for the effects exerted by various categories of immunomodulator products. The imunomodulator mechanisms performed through Toll-like receptors, receptors for cytokines, receptors for hormones and through calcineurin have been described in this paper work.

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Resistance to antibiotics

Authors: Anca Mãrculescu, M. Cernea, Veturia Nueleanu, N.A. Oros, R. Chereji                                 Affiliation:  USAMVB Cluj-Napoca, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine

The antibiotics represent the most important therapeutic arsenal in the fight against pathogen microorganisms. Even in the beginning of their use, there was registered bacterial resistance, phenomenon that became an alarming subject in the last decades. There are some types of resistance to antibiotics that are influenced by many factors. The resistance term can be used as microbiological resistance and clinical resistance. The resistance to antibiotics can be a natural phenomenon or a gained one. The mechanisms of gaining resistance in bacteria are genetic or biochemical. Because of the fact that this is an increasing phenomena, data about antibiotic resistance is a permanent necessity in any part of the world.

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